How Colours Got Their Name (and How That Screwed Up Our Brain).


Thu, Jul 12th, 2012 10:00 by capnasty NEWS

Fascinating article on the Empirical Zeal blog on how historically separated cultures began to give names to colours -- and how that messed up with our brains.

In Japan, people often refer to traffic lights as being blue in color. And this is a bit odd, because the traffic signal indicating 'go' in Japan is just as green as it is anywhere else in the world. So why is the color getting lost in translation? This visual conundrum has its roots in the history of language.

Blue and green are similar in hue. They sit next to each other in a rainbow, which means that, to our eyes, light can blend smoothly from blue to green or vice-versa, without going past any other color in between. Before the modern period, Japanese had just one word, Ao, for both blue and green. The wall that divides these colors hadn't been erected as yet. As the language evolved, in the Heian period around the year 1000, something interesting happened. A new word popped into being -- midori -- and it described a sort of greenish end of blue. Midori was a shade of ao, it wasn't really a new color in its own right.



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