A 35-year study of nearly 1,000 people discovered that one-fifth of the participants were responsible for "81% of criminal convictions." This allowed researchers to create a 45-minute brain test which, when given to 3-year-olds, can accurately determine the potential outcome of a person. The goal is to deploy resources in order to help them before they become adults.
The fifth of the group accounted for the "lion's share of social costs such as crime, welfare dependence and healthcare needs as adults", according to the study, published in journal Nature Human Behaviour.
These brain tests give hope of early intervention to avoid such high social costs, said the scientists, from King's College London, Duke University in North Carolina, the University of Otago in New Zealand.
"There is a really powerful connection from children's early beginnings to where they end up," said King's College Professor Avshalom Caspi said.
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