The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the human gene code cannot be patented because it is not an invention. This comes after Utah-based company Myriad Genetics tried to patent the genes that "increased risk of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer." These patents were challenged by scientists and doctors since these genes were not created by the company.
After the ruling, at least three companies and two university labs said that they would begin offering genetic testing in the field of breast cancer.
Myriad did not create anything, Justice Clarence Thomas wrote for the court. To be sure, it found an important and useful gene, but separating that gene from its surrounding genetic material is not an act of invention.
The course of scientific research and medical testing in other fields will also be shaped by the courts ruling, which drew a sharp distinction between DNA that appears in nature and synthetic DNA created in the laboratory. That distinction may alter the sort of research and development conducted by the businesses that invest in the expensive work of understanding genetic material.
|Science Fiction as a tool for human survival|
|Stephen Hawking Loses $100 Bet Over Whether the Higgs-Boson Actually Existed|
|Coldest, Driest, Calmest Place on Earth Found|
|Schrödinger's Cat Experiment Explained|
|Many of the most successful scientists in the world today are mathematically no more than semiliterate.|
|“This conversation about how technology is hijacking people is really catching on.”|
|Japanese Create Ice Cream That Does Not Melt|
|Making a Movie Inside a Video Game|
|“Banning polluting cars in 2040 or 2050 doesn’t actually look like a very bold move.”|
|“Human and animal cells can be 3D printed into high-resolution tissue.”|
|“Our Internet handlers, not government, are using operant conditioning to modify our behaviour today.”|
|Google Map Shows You the Most Photographed Areas of the World|
|“During this phase of decline, the US was likely to go through a phase of reactionary 'fascism'.”|
|“That science fiction future where robots can do what people and animals do may be closer than you think.”|
|“Nobody is forcing the participants to stay, of course, but if they leave, they won’t be paid.”|
|“We’re going to start to see chip implants get the same realm of acceptance as piercings and tattoos.”|
|“The shift from fuel and pistons to batteries and electric motors is unlikely to take that long.”|