Chrystia Freeland of The New York Times opines on the inevitable path of self-destruction America's 1% is headed for. She compares current events in the United States to the behaviour of Venice's elites when they issued the serrata: a closure to stop social mobility within their society. While their intentions were to keep as much wealth for themselves as possible, that decision was what started the precipitation and eventual fall of the city-state's long-enjoyed prosperity.
The story of Venice's rise and fall is told by the scholars Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson, in their book "Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty," as an illustration of their thesis that what separates successful states from failed ones is whether their governing institutions are inclusive or extractive. Extractive states are controlled by ruling elites whose objective is to extract as much wealth as they can from the rest of society. Inclusive states give everyone access to economic opportunity; often, greater inclusiveness creates more prosperity, which creates an incentive for ever greater inclusiveness.
The history of the United States can be read as one such virtuous circle. But as the story of Venice shows, virtuous circles can be broken. Elites that have prospered from inclusive systems can be tempted to pull up the ladder they climbed to the top. Eventually, their societies become extractive and their economies languish.
That was the future predicted by Karl Marx, who wrote that capitalism contained the seeds of its own destruction. And it is the danger America faces today, as the 1 percent pulls away from everyone else and pursues an economic, political and social agenda that will increase that gap even further -- ultimately destroying the open system that made America rich and allowed its 1 percent to thrive in the first place.
You can see America's creeping Serrata in the growing social and, especially, educational chasm between those at the top and everyone else. At the bottom and in the middle, American society is fraying, and the children of these struggling families are lagging the rest of the world at school.
|Bacteria Eats Carbon Monoxide, Produces Fossil Fuels (via @brx0)|
|“Like a gigantic version of something you’d find in Toys 'R' Us.”|
|The African forest elephants may face extinction possibly as soon as the next decade.|
|Jobs Humans Will Lose to Robots|
|Mind-Operated Bionic Leg|
|“Without any security company in the world recognizing that it even existed.”|
|“The Amish use us as an experiment.”|
|“Every human being on this planet will be completely redundant within a decade.”|
|Japanese Robot Serves Ice Cream From Inside a Vending Machine|
|“Single use forever launch clock.”|
|Fake Name Generator|
|“The company’s ambition, its ruthlessness, and its lack of a moral compass scare me.”|
|How to Avoid Jury Duty|
|CaptchaTweet: Write Tweets in Captcha Form|
|When the Wrong Hastag Can Get You Killed by an Assassination Drone|
|“Eliminating the time needed to stop and re-charge a conventional electric car’s battery.”|
|The (Very Scary) People of Public Transit|